Country Profile


Overview of the educational system

The vision of the Ministry of Education (MINEDUC) is to provide the citizens of Rwanda with equal opportunities to high quality education through world class learning facilities and renowned learning institutions.

The general mission of the Ministry of Education shall be to transform the Rwandan citizen into skilled human capital for socio-economic development of the country by ensuring equitable access to quality education focusing on combating illiteracy, promotion of science and technology, critical thinking and positive values.

The commitment to provide universal, compulsory and free nine years’ basic education from Primary 1 to Primary 6 plus 3 years of Lower secondary (Senior 1 to Senior 3) for all children has had a significant impact on increasing access, and this is now being expanded to 12 years’ basic education (up to end of secondary education in Senior 6). The curriculum has undergone a major reform, with a new competence-based curriculum being phased in from January 2016. Similarly, though at a lower rate, the TVET and higher education sub-sectors have made moderate progress in terms of access and quality.


Key educational institutions

  • Ministry of Education
  • Rwanda Education Board (REB) for Basic Education
  • Rwanda Polytechnic (RP) for Technical and Vocational Training (TVET)
  • Higher Education Council for Higher Learning Institutions

Country Resources

The above-mentioned study by ADEA in 2012, States that “TVSD takes place at different levels, in different types of formal, non formal and informal learning environments.

During the PQIP / DCTP expert seminar held in Abidjan on November 6-7, 2017, participants presented case studies from their country.