Country Profile


Basic education consists of a total of 12 years: 7 years of primary school, 3 years of junior secondary school and 2 years of senior secondary school. While the official school starting age is 6 years of age, it is only by the age of 7 that almost all children are in school. Parents are expected to pay a development fund fee for their children but non-payment of the fee cannot deny a learner to access education. Education is free for children from lower income groups. Two or three meals are provided for free to all school pupils across all levels to enhance nutritional balance, this is particularly important in remote areas, where income levels may be low.

Previously, Early Childhood Education has been predominantly provided by the private sector and partly by voluntary organisations as well as communities. Government observed that marginalised groups and vulnerable children missed out on accessing the programme thus 2014 government made a deliberate decision to introduce the programme in public schools.  The programme started being rolled out gradually resources permitting to all regions following the pilot. The programme commenced with few schools and today over 80% of schools have introduced the programme. It is still a wish to cover all public schools so that all children will access the programme before primary education. The duration of the programme is currently 1 year, enrolling children of age 4-5, It is envisaged that it will be a 2 year programme by 2024

 Tertiary Education in Botswana is provided by both public and private institutions; (Universities and colleges). Tertiary education provides secondary school graduates with the opportunity to be enrolled and trained in a number of programmes, so as to attain a global competitive human capital. These programs follow the Human Resource Development Council (HRDC) priorities.

Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Botswana is delivered at different levels from certificate to diploma in different institutions. These include 7 government-owned Technical Colleges and 35 Brigades. Accredited private training institutions also offer vocational training to widen the skill base source. It is important to note that this is a post-secondary programme.

Policies and Strategic Plans

*Derived from the Botswana Education Act and the Revised National Policy on Education (RNPE) 1994

  • Pastoral Policy

  • School Management Manual

  • School Health Policy

  • Students Transport

  • Students Feeding

  • Procedures on Students Discipline

  • Inclusive Education

  • Health and Safety

  • Education and Training Sector Strategic Plan (ETSSP)

  • Vision 2036

  • Communication Strategy


Pre Primary: 

  • Number of schools:613 
  • Enrolment/number of students enrolled 2018: 25 640


Pre Primary: 

  • Number of schools: 757 
  • Enrolment/number of students enrolled 2018: 340 135


Junior Secondary

  • Number of schools: 207 
  • Enrolment/number of students enrolled 2018: 86 468


Senior Secondary

  • Number of schools: 34
  • Enrolment/number of students enrolled 2018: 45 303


  • University of Botswana
  • Botswana International University of Science and Technology
  • Botswana Open University
  • Botswana University of Agriculture and Natural Resources

*There are currently over 10 accredited private universities operating.


Country Resources

Botswana ‘s economic story is from rags
to riches. Initially the economic growth  
and development was predominantly
mineral led and the resource skill based.